THE RECALL JOURNAL....A Publication of The Civil War Round Table of Greater Boston, since 1957, striving to serve its readers with the latest and best information about its members and their meetings, about upcoming Civil War and other Historical, Reenactor, and Veteran organization events, along with Civil War facts and dates to remember, as well as being a clarion call to ALL who want to protect the Historical Integrity of this great Nation, that once nearly became permanently divided.

The Civil War Round Table of Greater Boston, since its beginnings in 1957, has been a leader in Local and National Preservation Efforts, in Local Veterans and Reenactor Efforts, and in the Educational Outreach to our Schoolchildren, by going out into the School Systems and by bringing these youngsters into our organization as equal members. According to the late Jerry Russell of The Civil War Round Table Associates, Greater Boston is the 13th OLDEST CWRT on the Planet Earth!!!!!

The Civil War Round Table of Greater Boston is open to ANYONE, wherever they live, of ANY age, sex, color, gender, or Historical persuasion on this great and tragic event. We welcome ALL who have ANY interest in History, not necessarily Civil War, who would like to join us at our meetings of oral and written Presentations, Four Days In May Battlefield Tours, Seminars, or Veteran and Reenactor Events.

March 2017 ............................................Volume MMVXI..........No. 53

GENERAL MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS.........................................................................

CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE of GREATER BOSTON meets every FOURTH (4th) Friday of each month at 7:15 p.m. (PLEASE NOTE the new starting time)This is true except for November and December, which due to National Holidays are now held as a Joint Xmas Party meeting with the Northshore/Lynn Chapter in early December. All meetings are now generally held at The Waltham Community Room (downstairs )at The Waltham Clarke Government Center Building 119 School St./corner Lexington St. (enter from the rear where there is parking). In case of inclement weather, please check local Radio Stations for late news President: David L. Smith 3 Waverley Oaks Rd. #202 Waltham, Ma. 02452-6274 Tel: (781) 647-3332 or Email:

CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE of CENTRAL MASSACHUSETTS (CWRT, INC.) meets on the fourth Wednesday of the month at the Holden Senior Center on Main St. in Holden, Ma. at 7:00 p.m. along with some meetings at off site locations in Worcester. President: Bob Carlson, email:

CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE of CAPE COD meets each month on the Third (3rd) Mondayof the month at 1:00 p.m. at The Yarmouth Senior Citizen Center at 528 Forest Drive Yarmouth off Exit 8 on Rte. 6 with more informal meetings duuing the summertimes. President: Fred Wexler at or John Myers Programming at Telephone..(508) 896-6421

THE GREATER NEW BEDFORD CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE meets on the fourth Tuesday of each monthat the Fort Taber Military Museum meets on Fourth Tuesdays at 7:00 p.m. 1000 S. Rodney French Blvd. New Bedford .....Joe Langlois, President at

THE GENERAL LANDER CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE meets on the second (2nd) Friday of each month at The Lynn G.A.R. Hall on 58 Andrews St. in Lynn, Ma. at 7:30 p.m. with occasional offsite meetings and Special Events in the Northshore President: Dexter Bishop 387 Old Boston Rd. Topsfield, Ma. 01983 Tel: (978) 887 - 2264 EMAIL: or or their Website (currently under revision)

CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE of NORTH WORCESTER COUNTY/LEOMINSTER meets on the second (2nd) Tuesday of each month at 7:00 p.m. at the Leominster Historical Society 50 School St. Leominster, Ma. 01453 also invites ALL to visit us Information Contact:President, Tim Shea at or 508-963-0559. For information please contact Tom Bailey at

THE OLDE COLONY CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE meets on the Third Thursday of each month at 7:00 p.m. at The Endicott Estate at 656 East St. in Dedham with Mini Bit speakers as well as a regular presentation....go to or President Joe Dipoli at


Minutes of CWRT of Greater Boston Meeting of Friday, March 24, 2017

CWRTGB president Dave Smith stated that we are in our 60th year as a roundtable.  Bob Hanlon stated that our Facebook page is going well and encouraged people to post to it.  October will be the month of the Oliver Wendel Holmes Dinner hosted by the Central Mass Roundtable.  Al Smith mentioned that n50 people are signed up for the 2017 May bus trip and that he is looking for more hotel rooms. The General Lander Roundtable in Lynn will be celebrating their 25th anniversary and will be hosting a dinner at their April 14th meeting.  Al also mentioned that we will have an opportunity to celebrate our 60th anniversary at the upcoming Oliver Wendel Holmes Dinner.

Dave then Introduced Bob Hanlon who spoke on Reconstruction.

Before the Civil War, there were two Souths.  One was the south of Plantains and the other was the south of ordinary small farmers or yeoman who often did not own any slaves.   These upcountry yeomen resented the political power of those who owned plantations.   This continued into reconstruction. Some early reconstruction happened during the war.   After Lincoln’s 10 % plan was announced, states held constitution conventions that abolished slavery.  In addition, there were reconstruction efforts on the Sea Islands off the coast of North Carolina and at the plantation of Jefferson Davis at Davis Bend Mississippi at the end of the war. Only Davis Bend was successful.

For blacks, freedom meant being able to do everything that they saw white men do without white interference.  At the beginning of reconstruction, newly freed blacks established their own churches, joined mutual aid societies and worked to educate themselves and their children.   They had a great desire to own their own land.   Blacks wanted to chart their own political course as evidenced by their participation at early constitutional conventions.    Whites responded to advances by blacks with violence.

Whites in the south did not see blacks as free labors.  There were labor shortages on plantations as black mothers stayed home and black children went to school.   The Freedman’s Bureau was charged with regulating free labor, establishing schools and providing aid to the destitute and sick.  Whites worked to restrict black migration to the cities.  Blacks were prevented from acquiring land resulting in the rise of sharecropping.

President Andrew Johnson believed in limited government and was not committed to black equality.  State Governors appointed by Andrew Johnson called for constitution conventions that abolished slavery and limited the political power of plantation owners.   Plantation owners demanded that states enact laws that would coerce blacks to work on the plantations.  The result was the Black Codes.

In 1866, congress enacted a civil right bill which was vetoed by President Johnson.  Congress overrode Johnsons veto and the bill became law.  Congress wanted civil rights for backs to be permanent and proposed the 14th amendment.  Southern states refusal to ratify the 14th amendment was one of the primary reasons for establishing military rule.

Blacks became politically active through the union leagues   The constitutional conventions of 1867 – 1869 established civil rights for blacks including black suffrage.   President Johnson made a major mistake in dismissing Lincoln’s Secretary of War Edwin Stanton. His resulting impeachment failed by only one vote.

Southern republicans worked to greatly expand public services during Radical Reconstruction.  In addition, massive state aid was provided to railroads and other businesses to grow the economy.  This resulted in widespread corruption.  The work of growing cotton stated to shift to white workers as the expanding railroads allowed new areas to be farmed.

Democrats fought back for political control blaming republicans for high taxes and corruption.  There was widespread violence against blacks perpetrated by the KU Klux Clan.   Republicans responded with proposing the 15th amendment and passing the enforcement acts of 1870 – 1871.

The depression of 1873 ended reconstruction.   There was massive unemployment.   The price of cotton fell drastically and farmers were unable to pay wages to laborers resulting in an ever-increasing adoption of sharecropping.    Elections in the south brought democrats into power.   Politicians in  the north now saw supporting reconstruction as a political liability.








This section will now show proper respect to the fallem of Massachusetts with notices from The Governor's Office for the lowering of the Flags to Half Staff.....



Flags to be retired can be from government entities, businesses, or residences.

Flags can be dropped off at the Massport Fire Station on Harborside Drive at Logan Airport or at the security desk in the Logan Office Center, also on Harborside Drive.

Flags can also be mailed to the Security Office, One Harborside Drive, Suite 200 S, Boston, MA 02128.

Dues for Individuals and for Family Memberships are $25.00. Pay early...Pay Often.... Pay Now... Avoid The Rush...Then Pay More...Pay Until It Hurts...Then Pay Some More...Pay Now...Pay Later...Just Pay...Remeber Folks, this is how we pay for this Organization to run, and pay for the expenses of THE RECALL. None of these funds go to pay any Officer Salaries or Perks (unfortunately). Remember, if you do NOT pay by December 31st of any year, your name will be dropped from the mailing List of THE RECALL, so get that Check in the mail. REMEMBER...our year begins on September 1, 2015 of and ends on August 31, 2016......ALSO REMEMBER that this is how we not only pay for the expense of THE RECALL, but our Administrative expense of running this CWRT and donations to Preservation. There are NO expenses for Officers Pay or Perks!!!! So pay Early, and Pay often!!! Remember, you MUST pay by December 31st of any year to stay on THE RECALL mailing list........Starting this year, each mailing label will show Sept. 15-16 which means that you are in fact paid for this current year. If you seee any other date on the label, it means that according to our records, you have not paid Greater Boston or your own Chapter Treasurer, or our records are incorrect. Other than these, are "F" for Family and 'L' and "SPEC' labels for those Lifers and Special individuals or groups as separate folks who receive THE RECALL Also please do NOT forget to let us know as early as posible about address changes...By the way, folks,...if you would like to add a few bucks or so, when you pay your dues, and dedicate those EXTRA DOLLARS to PRESERVATION,...just let us know that when you send the check.....PLEASE make any additional donations with your dues as a separate check to eliminate Deposit problems. And Thanxxxx in advance. As of today, many folks have already re-upped for the 2015-2016 season and some have added a few extra bucks for Preservation. Now, I can also ask for some of 'few extra bucks' to cover the cost of all of these Flags in Display Cases that I will be giving to the families.......THANXXXXX!!!!
ALL checks for Dues or Local Preservation should be mailed to our Treasurer..... AL SMITH 11 POPLAR ST> BELMONT, MA> 02478.

G IVE ME YOUR TIRED, YOUR POOR, YOUR HUDDLED CIVIL WAR MASSES!!!! YEARNING TO HAVE FUN THE CIVIL WAR WAY!!!! JOIN US WHEREVER YOU ARE!!!! ATTEND WHEN YOU CAN BECAUSE YOU LOVE HISTORY!!!********************************************************************************************************************************THIS MONTH IN CIVIL WAR HISTORY.......Important dates to remember.....Important People and Battles.....

On March 4, 1861, Lincoln inaugurated 16th president......On March 4, 1865, Lincoln's second inaugural......On March 4, 1826, Gen. John Buford, US, born.....On March 6, 1831, Gen. Philip H. Sheridan , US, born......On March 7 - 8, 1862, Battle of Pea Ridge.....On March 9, 1862, Battle of USS Monitor and CSS Virginia.....On March 12, 1864, Red River Campaign begins and U.S. Grant promoted to command all Union forces.....On March 16, 1861, Arizona secedes.....On March 17, 1828, Gen. Patrick Cleburne, CS, born...On March 17, 1865, campaign to  capture Mobile begins.....On March 28, 1818, Gen. Wade Hampton, CS, born.....On March 28, 1862, Taylor marches to reinforce Jackson....On March 29, 1865, Appomattox Campaign begins.

ON ANY DAY, remember our Flag, our Veterans, and our POWs!!! ..LET US NEVER FORGET!!!!!

God Bless The Republic. God Bless our service men and women. May all of our honored dead rest in peace.American War. (Editor's Note...As it says at the end of This Month etc.....Let us NEVER FORGET!!